As of now, there is no cure for Parkinson’s disease. However, there are a range of treatments to help control the symptoms and maintain quality of life. Drugs are the main treatment and there are several types which either increase the level of dopamine that reaches the brain, stimulate the parts of the brain where dopamine works or block the action of other chemicals that affect dopamine. Certain drugs may be used on their own or in combination to help the patient. However, it’s important to note that these have to be prescribed according to a patient’s needs. The type of drug prescribed, dose and times of the day taken are some aspects that are dependent on the individual’s condition.
As Parkinson’s disease progresses and individual needs change, there are regular checks needed. To treat people who have had Parkinson’s disease for many years, surgical techniques are also sometimes used. However, this may not be suitable for everyone. Therapies such as physiotherapy, speech and language therapy, occupational therapy and self-help strategies can also play an important role in the management of Parkinson’s disease.