Infertility is a prevalent condition in Australia, affecting about one in six women and men. The causes of infertility in women can vary. They may include functional issues, such as abnormal hormonal levels, ovulation problems (e.g., Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, which accounts for around 70% of female infertility cases), organic reasons like inflammatory pelvic disease (PID) causing infertility in one in five women, or conditions like Endometriosis (responsible for at least 30% of female infertility cases).
Male infertility accounts for over 25% of infertility cases.
A significant portion of cases, about 35% globally, is classified as ‘unexplained infertility’ for both sexes.
Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after at least a year of regular sexual intercourse without the use of contraceptives. This can be due to issues in either the man, the woman, or both, and identifying the underlying causes is crucial for effective treatment.